As with many other villages in the region, Galargues originated from a Gallo-Roman farm or villa dating from the 1st century AD.

It seems that the primitive village was located a little further to the NW, but enjoyed a favorable situation, close to the Roman road that leads to the Pic Saint Loup.

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In the Middle Ages, it was part of the barony of Montredon ( facing Sommières), a true anomaly in feudal society: a free community, paying no censives, whose inhabitants could marry whomever they wished, work for whomever they wished, and change employers without constraint.
A Romanesque church surrounded by a cemetery stood in the center of the village in the late 12th and early 13th centuries. In the 19th century, it was enlarged to the east, with the former church forming the current choir. It is unique in that it faces west rather than east, as is traditional in the Christian religion.

Galargues has always been an agricultural commune: wood harvesting, charcoal, cereal crops (touzelle wheat, barley, oats), vineyards, olive groves and, above all, sheep farming.  In the 17th and 18th centuries, silkworms were bred.

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There was also an iron mine, now forgotten.

Local nickname: les sauta pargues, the sheep pen jumpers. Several of these were located at the bottom of the village, on the route de St Hilaire: every time Bénovie overflowed its banks, it flooded them. Some malicious tongues claim that shepherds jumped the pens to steal their neighbors' sheep.

Text after Aimé Jeanjean